Workers’ Compensation Appeals: How Long Will My L&I Claim Appeal Take?

The Department of Labor and Industries (L&I) decides when work injury claimants receive benefits under their L&I claim. When L&I makes a decision about entitlement, the decision is usually in writing. Frequently, the decision is labeled “Notice of Decision”. However, decisions can also be under “Payment Order”, “Wage Order”, or any other written document.

L&I claim protest versus claim appeal

Any party that disagrees with a written decision can protest or appeal it. For jurisdiction, a protest stays with L&I. However, an appeal takes the disagreement to the Board of Industrial Insurance Appeals (BIIA). In fact, there are many reasons a claim protest may be strategically better than an appeal, and vice versa.

I get questions about protests and appeals regularly. The most common question is: How long will it take to get a decision? Often times, L&I makes decisions following a protest very quickly. Surprisingly, sometimes I receive decisions just days after filing my client’s claim protest. When this happens, it makes me wonder whether L&I really took the time to fully reconsider if the decision is correct. In contrast, I’ve seen cases where L&I protests have gone months and even years without checking or addressing them. Yet, there’s some good news. With some prompting and nudging, the Department of Labor and Industries usually acts on protests relatively quickly.

Workers’ compensation claim appeal in Washington State

L&I appeals are different. First, the Board of Industrial Insurance conducts a mediation process. There, one or more mediation conferences take place, where the parties discuss and try to reach resolution without litigation. Afterwards, if mediation does not produce an acceptable outcome, then the case advances to litigation.

If the parties cannot agree or settle the claim, then it usually takes much longer to get a decision in an appeal. That’s because appeal hearings are essentially a legal proceeding. The appealing party has the burden of proving that L&I’s decision is wrong. This requires that party to present testimonies. Therefore, there can be significant costs associated with an L&I claim appeal under this path. For most benefits, at least some of the testimony must come from experts like doctors, therapists, and vocational counselors. This presentation of testimony takes time.

Board appeal and petition under a work injury claim

Once the parties finish presenting their evidence, the hearing judge reviews and compiles all the materials. Then, the judge issues a written Proposed Decision and Order. The decision contains findings of fact and conclusions of law for each issue in the appeal. Furthermore, any party that disagrees with the Proposed Decision and Order may file a Petition for Review. The goal of the petition is to ask the Board of Appeals to review the decision. Afterwards, if the Board grants the review, it must issue a follow-on Decision and Order. Once again, the Decision and Order comprises findings of fact and conclusions of law.

Work injury client representation and challenges

Personally, it’s important for me that people that suffer an injury at work have realistic expectations. Clients must understand how much time claim appeals can take. It’s particularly important because many injured workers are without money or access to claim medical treatment during the appeal.

I used to tell work injury clients that claim appeals could take as much as a full year. That’s from the time we file an appeal until we receive a decision. Recently, that estimation has changed dramatically. Currently, it seems that the Board of Appeals is backlogged. It appears they have challenges issuing written decisions. Some of my client cases are waiting 150 days or more for a written decision. Therefore, right now it’s very difficult for me to give accurate estimates.

I’m deeply concerned about the length of time for L&I claim appeals. Remember, many work injury claimants do not have access to financial or medical benefits during the process. Many are barely making it through.

This article was first published on:

Ms. Tara Reck is the managing L&I attorney at Reck Law — Workers’ Compensation Attorneys in Washington State. If you would like more information, please contact Ms. Reck through the following:

* Seattle | Bellevue | Mercer Island office: (206) 395–6141

* Tacoma office: (253) 999–9828

* Renton office: (425) 800–8195

* Port Orchard office: (360) 876–4123

* Email:

* Her Workers’ Compensation blog at or her company website at




Tara Reck is the Managing Attorney at Reck Law, PLLC and has been representing injured workers in Washington State since 2006 with emphasis on trial advocacy.

Love podcasts or audiobooks? Learn on the go with our new app.

Recommended from Medium

The Public Interest Is Always Transparency

“Our Greatest Power” by Timothy Williams, West Hollywood City Council Candidate

Disney Runs Its Own Government in Florida.

A bunch of Disney antagonists- Cruella, Jafar, Hook

The Chaos Report: Let’s Get A Few Things Straight About DACA

We Have To Be Better. We Must Do Better.

COMMENTARY: The Liberals dig that tax policy pitfall a little deeper

For All of Biden’s Progress, Is Immigration His Achilles’ Heel?

U.S. Treasury Secretary Janet Yellen Will Travel to Europe

Get the Medium app

A button that says 'Download on the App Store', and if clicked it will lead you to the iOS App store
A button that says 'Get it on, Google Play', and if clicked it will lead you to the Google Play store
Tara Reck, Workers Comp Attorney, Washington State

Tara Reck, Workers Comp Attorney, Washington State

Tara Reck is the Managing Attorney at Reck Law, PLLC and has been representing injured workers in Washington State since 2006 with emphasis on trial advocacy.

More from Medium

My American Dream.

Get those Credit card/loan debts off your report ASAP

What Lebanese Banker Marwan Kheireddine Learned From Richard Branson

I Miss Making Eye-Contact With Other Women at Pre-COVID Work Events